There is currently a shipping and supply chain crisis directly affecting every facet of international commerce; its impact far–reaching enough to touch the lives of consumers and businesses everywhere in the world.
Simple solutions are not available in our interconnected global economy. While significant industry efforts are underway to highlight the issues and draw attention to them, the plight of the international moving industry and its customers will barely register as a blip on the radars of government regulators.
The following estimates reveal the reality of container trade imbalances in the current international commerce:
The supply chain has always struggled to keep up with these challenges, but the arrival of the COVID–19 virus and the ensuing global pandemic set in motion a perfect storm that has severely impacted every aspect of global commerce including the international household goods shipping industry.
In April 2020, the Organization for Economic Co–operation and Development (OECD) published a brief (https://read.oecd-ilibrary.org/view/?ref=132_132943-daeq3o7rjc&title=Global-Container-Shipping-and-the-Coronavirus-Crisis) that reported a dramatic decline in global container trade volumes, especially from China where the government, in a move to curb the spread of the virus, strictly enforced lockdowns and factory closings.
The unforeseen drop in business forced shipping companies to reduce capacity to reduce costs. By November 2020, Chinese factories were back in business reopening the doors for exports. China’s early response efforts paid off (NBC News, November 7, 2020 article: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/covid-19-runs-riot-across-world-china-controls-pandemic-n1246587).
This quick economic rebound created a surge in container demand causing the shipping industry to swiftly unwind its previous decision to reduce capacity. The unexpected export decline/surge situation, happening within months of each other, only exacerbated what was already a problematic container imbalance.
The shipping industry responded to this imbalance in a number of ways. In particular, they raised freight rates from Asia, which created ripple effects around the world.
The end of 2020 would see spot rates for 40’ Containers (FEU) going as high as US$10,000 from China to US East Coast port. Spot rates are said to now hover above US$12,000 per FEU from Singapore to Felixstowe, UK.
A Bloomberg.com article dated January 13, 2021 (https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-01-13/world-economy-s-fragile-rebound-boxed-in-amid-shipping-logjams), reports that container rates that were once US$2000 across the Pacific are now as high as $13,000, with no sign in sight that the astronomical rates will improve in 2021.
We know that these shipping costs have a huge effect on what we ultimately pay for consumer goods. But what of its impacts on moving consumers? International moving companies typically quote door–to–door rates that include ocean freight with a validity period of 30–to–60–days. While shipping rates expectedly fluctuate during such validity periods, the industry has never had to deal with increases of 20% to 50%. There is little choice but to pass on these underlying rate increases to moving consumers who are already suspicious of the slightest increases, regardless of what explanation they are given.
For corporate and government clients as well as for Global Relocation Companies, international moving companies typically file contracted rates for door–to–door service that have a validity period of 6 months to two years. Factoring in underlying cost fluctuations while remaining competitive has always been a challenge for the moving industry but in the current environment, absorbing ocean freight increases is simply not possible. As a result, international moving companies are faced with only two choices; either walk away from business or struggle with severe cash flow impacts.
For everyone involved, the impact is severe.
Along with steamship containers, ports, inland drayage, and container handling equipment like container chassis are part of the seamless, interconnected infrastructure of international transport and commerce. The world’s leading container ports struggled to respond to the fall in container volume only to be faced with an unprecedented spike causing similarly unprecedented port congestion issues.
A back–up of over 35 ships waiting to berth at Los Angeles and Long Beach is cited in a Supply Chain Dive article dated January 14, 2021 (https://www.supplychaindive.com/news/hapag-lloyd-port-west-coast-congestion-labor/593378/). The surge in import volumes coupled with labor shortages due to the pandemic are to blame.
Inter–terminal truckers who move containers from the port to customer locations are likewise heavily impacted as they are unable to obtain appointments to pick up containers. A shortage of chassis availability worsens the problem. Without the chassis (wheels) required to haul the containers, the containers are stuck in terminals while the clock ticks away and the time allotment for unloading containers runs out. This delay in container movement adds to the container shortage issue.
For moving consumers, it is hard to accept delays in their shipment schedules and harder even to agree to shoulder the additional charges incurred due to such delays.
This situation, like so many consequences brought about by the Covid–19 pandemic, is not a result of poor planning or greed. The wider shipping and transport industries, as well as the moving industry are adapting and adjusting in response to these unprecedented conditions but until we reach a new state of normalcy, the industry and its customers must work together to get through this together.
Read full white paper published by the International Association of Movers here: https://myprnow.com/sc/SCUS.pdf.
The global spread of the Coronavirus/COVID-19 has caused major disruptions in the shipping industry. Shipping lines have reduced and cancelled some of their services which is leading to limited availability of containers and routing options. In many cases these issues have led to rising prices and additional fee’s being charged by service providers. The global shipping industry will continue to see irregularities until effective treatments and a vaccine are developed to combat COVID-19.
The earlier you can request your move dates, the more likely you will have your requests accommodated. Please note that household goods and personal effects travel at one of the lowest priorities, while demand for cargo space is outpacing capacity.
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